What is Registry, Registrar, and Registrant on Domain?

What is Registry, Registrar, and Registrant on Domain

Domain is a unique name that can be a branding weapon for your business. If explored further, there are several parties that are interrelated in the registration process to the management of domain names, namely the Registry, Registrar, and Registrant.

Who are they? Through this article, Rumahweb will explain each of these parties and also their role in managing domain names.

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What is Registry?

The first party that becomes part of the Top Level Domain (TLD) issuance process is the Registry. This term may still not be widely known by ordinary users.

The Registry is an independent company or organization whose job it is to establish the usage policies, regulations, and requirements needed for each issued or published domain.

In other words, the Registry has full authority in managing and publishing top level domains on the internet.

However, the Registry does not sell its domains directly to the public. From a leadership perspective, the Registry does not have the task of marketing or selling domains directly. The Registry will delegate commercial domain registration services to the Registrar by providing accreditation.

An example of a Registry for a TLD domain is Verisign, a Registry that provides .COM, .NET, .ORG, and other domains, where these are not country-specific domains, and can be used by the public without conditions.

In addition to providing TLD domains worldwide, Verisign is also the organization that takes care of Domain Name System (DNS) maintenance.

All Registries in the world operate under the auspices of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). ICANN is a private or non-governmental company, which is responsible for IP allocation, protocol assignment, managing the Domain name system (DNS) and managing the root server system, so that the domain can be accessed and work properly.


What is a Registrar?

After discussing the Registry, then Two9Success will discuss the organization or company in charge of selling domain names, namely Registrar.

Simply put, a Registrar is an organization or company that has been accredited by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the Registry of certain country ccTLD providers, such as Hostinger, to serve domain name registrations to buyers or Registrants.

With the Registrar, Registrants who will register a domain name can directly contact or make purchases through the Registrar, without having to go to the Registry first.

There are many Registrars around the world. One example of the largest Registrar in India is Hostinger and Godaddy. You can purchase ccTLD domains such as .IN, to TLDs such as .COM easily and safely.


What is Registrant?

The next party who also plays a role in managing the domain is the buyer or the owner of the domain, which is referred to as the Registrant. Registrant can be defined as an individual, organization, or company that registers a domain through a Registrar.

As a domain name user, of course, Registrants will be given full access to manage the Domain Name System (DNS), starting from changing nameservers, setting up MX Records, and much more.

These various settings can be made by the Registrant through the provided panel, so that the domain works properly.

Changes made to the DNS will then be recorded by the Registrar and then reported to the Registry as the party entitled to make changes to the DNS database.

When there is a DNS change, usually the domain will undergo a DNS propagation process for approximately 24 hours, so that the domain can point to the server perfectly.


Conclusion

After understanding the meaning of each party that plays a role in domain management, it can be concluded that the differences between the roles of the Registry, Registrar, and Registrant are as follows:

  • Registry: Company or organization authorized to make Top Level Domain (TLD) policies, regulations and requirements, but does not sell domains directly to the public.
    Example: Hostinger and GoDaddy.
  • Registrar: A company or organization authorized to sell domains to the public. A credible registrar must have accreditation issued by the Registry, so that buying a domain through the Registrar is guaranteed to be safe.
    Example: Hostinger and GoDaddy.
  • Registrant: User or domain owner. Registrants will be given full access to manage the domain through the panel provided by the domain provider /registrar.

That's our explanation of the Registry, Registrar, and Registrant, and their differences.


Published:
25 October 2022

Source:
www.two9success.com

Posted By:
www.smarttechmukesh.com

Two9Success

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